Which theories do you believe better explain all types of crime—biological theories, or strain theories? Looking across the board, are criminals more likely to share biological characteristics (such as mental illness and increased levels of testosterone), or are they more likely to share social traits (being raised in broken homes, living in poverty, lacking education, etc.)? Be sure to cite the sources of your information or statistics.
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The best theory to explain the various type of crime is the strain theory.
One of the theories that I believe strongly relates to all types of crime is strain theory. Adler et al. (2018) defines strain theory as “a criminological theory positing that a gap between culturally approved goals and legitimate means of achieving them causes frustration that leads to criminal behavior”. Although blological theories are defining who the person is and their general familial background, the surrounding environment and conditions of upbringing are also critical in determining what the future holds for such an individual. For example, If the person was born with the silver spoon in their mouth; yet, once moving out have little to no means of survival, they are prone to going into crime, as the means of self-support. As the Japanese proverb states, “when the character of a man is not clear to you, look at his friends”. (PassItOn, n.d.) Thus, when looking across the board, offenders are likely to share social traits, as being raised in broken home and poverty creates a negative impact on psychological well-being. Lacking education and having low self-esteem only prolongs the likelihood of criminal behavior.
Adler, F., Laufer, W., & Mueller O.G. (2018). Criminology. Retrieved from http://www.gcumedia.com/digital-Resources Mcgraw-Hi/2017 Criminology ge.php.
PassItOn. (n.d.). Inspirational Quotes. Retrieved from https://www.passiton.com inspirational quotes/4394-when-the-character-of-a-man-is-not-clear-to