What are the five components of food essential to health? What are the consequences when these components are missing from diet?
First, state the five components of food essential to health.
State what are the consequences when these essential components are missing from a diet.
Put a reference from the cited information.
Components of food essential to health
In a balanced diet, there are several essential factors, such as:
1. Proteins- the body needs protein to remain healthy and labor the way it should. Protein is also a life-threatening part of the processes that fuel your energy and transport oxygen throughout your body in your blood.
2. Water- Water transports nutrients to all cells in our body and oxygen to our brain. Water permits the body to absorb and adjust minerals, vitamins, amino acids, glucose, and other substances. Water flushes out toxins and waste. Water also aids in the regulation of body temperature.
3. Minerals- Minerals are vital for the body to remain healthy. The body uses minerals for many dissimilar works, including keeping your bones, muscles, heart, and brain working properly. Minerals are also imperative for making enzymes and hormones. There are two categories of minerals: macrominerals and trace minerals.
4. Vitamins- Vitamins and minerals are considered essential nutrients because they perform hundreds of body roles. They help shore up bones, heal wounds, and boost the immune system. They also transform food into energy and mend cellular damage.
5. Fibers- Dietary fiber upsurges the weight and size of the stool and unstiffens it. A massive stool is easier to pass, lessening your chance of constipation. If you have loose, watery stools, fiber may provide relief to solidify the stool because it grips water and adds bulk to stool. It also helps maintain bowel health.
Consequences when components of food essential to health are missing from a diet.
1. Proteins- Serious protein deficiency can cause swelling, fatty liver, skin degeneration, increase the severity of infections, and stunt growth in children. Also, a low intake of proteins may cause muscle wasting and increase the risk of bone fractures.
2. Water- Not drinking sufficient water can cause an overall fluid loss in the body. This fluid loss can reduce blood volume that puts additional pressure on the heart to supply oxygen and nutrients to the organs comprising the muscles.
3. Minerals- Mineral deficiencies can lead to various health problems, such as weak bones, fatigue, or a decreased immune system.
4. Vitamins- Vitamin deficiency anemia develops when your body has a shortage of the vitamins needed to produce enough healthy red blood cells. Red blood cells transport oxygen from your lungs throughout your body. If your diet is lacking in certain vitamins, vitamin deficiency anemia can develop.
5. Fibers- A lack of fiber means an unhealthy digestive system, leading to both tiny and lasting health complications. Low-fiber diets have been associated with dangers like colon cancer, unhealthy cholesterol levels, and diverticulosis.
Waiting for the redirectiron… (n.d.). Waiting for the redirectiron… https://www.old-ib.bioninja.com.au/options/option-a-human-nutrition/a1-components-of-the-human.html