How are surveillance systems used in post-disaster situations? Support your answer with examples and evidence.
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The surveillance systems play a pivotal role in post-disaster situations. The surveillance systems help in the determination of the potential disease outbreaks and monitor the trends and priority health conditions after a disaster. Surveillance systems allow the healthcare providers and the disaster management team to respond in a timely and appropriate manner to counter the disaster. This will help reduce preventable deaths and diseases. For example, the Surveillance in Post Extreme Emergencies and Disasters (SPEED) is an early warning disease surveillance system for post-disaster situations. SPEED makes the transmission of syndromic diseases surveillance information faster from the primary reporting units to the national level in emergency situations. The SPEED system can also alert the officials if the disaster has gone beyond the epidemic threshold.
Erin S. Et al. (2014). Post-disaster surveillance among the state health departments in the United States. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4050838/