Describe a major problem often experienced by adolescents (e.g., anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, or delinquency). What are its likely causes? How is the problem typically treated? Identify alternative treatments that could be more effective. Rely on research evidence to support your views
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Describe a major problem often experienced by adolescents (e.g., anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, or delinquency).
Delinquency is a rapid growing social problem in United States. Before coming of age girls and boys have less understanding of the world, which makes them engage in such crimes. Typical examples include spray painting and shoplifting. Not all juvenile delinquents are part of the gang, but in most cases they are committing their crimes with other juveniles.
What are its likely causes? How is the problem typically treated? Identify alternative treatments that could be more effective. Rely on research evidence to support your views.
According to Zastrow and Kirst-Ashman, 2010, there are many theories about the causation of crime. Criome has a wider range of offenses such as bulgary, muder, rape among others. All these crimes have different causes and according to self-talk theory, the reasons for any criminal act can be identified by discovering what other offenders was thinking prior to and during the act of the crime. Therefore the likely causes include;
peer group influence.
Family: It is the basic socialization agency for children where they learn basic concepts about good and bad from their family, they make their values and set the norms of society. Parenting style, Moral problems in family, Social problems in family, Economic problems in family – youth belonging from poor economical status easily get involved in criminal activities, Broken families, single parent families, separated families, frequent parents fight, lack of trust and confidence among the parents, criminal parents or psychological problems in parents can be the most important reason behind delinquency.
Families should develop positive attitude towards life and towards society. Government should support families that have poor economic status so that they can improve their financial condition. Parents should also teach children the importance of respecting laws of society.
Peer group influence: this is a strong force that causes delinquent behavior in youths. Gangs and clicques, abusive behaviors and peer group rejection causes most adolescents to engage in delinquency activities.
parents should see the friends of their children and create a healthy and friendly relationship with their children. In this way children feel free to share anything and everything with their parents.
Personal reasons: It includes reasons such as drug abuse, psychological problems and social problems.
Causes of Anorexia nervosa
Some of its causes may include the following
Genetics;as it is hereditary
Neuroendocrine dysregulation;This is alterations in signaling of peptides that facilitate the communication between the brain,adipose and the gut in which it causes the disruption of regulation of hunger urges
Obsetric complications;this is basically prenatal and perinatal complications in which they may also be a factor that results to Anorexia nervosa
How Anorexia nervosa is treated
Implementing a strict diet and a proper nutrition that bets suits the person suffering from Anorexia nervosa
Therapy is also proven to have positive effects
There are Medications that can help however they have limited benefits for Anorexia nervosa
With Anorexia nervosa having a high mortality rate the Marsipan guidelines recommend that medical and psychiatric experts work closely together so as to manage severely ill people that have Anorexia nervosa